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The P45 Chipset is a high-end chipset architecture by Intel.

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Pros

widely supported by various motherboard manfacturers

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integrated Gigabit LAN support has great direct communication with the rest of the system

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works well with both DDR2 and DDR3 RAM, great compatibility

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can sometimes unlock dormant cores on a Duo to make it a Quad

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good range of overclocking capabilities

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good support for modern graphics cards

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Cons

can't support SLI or CrossFireX with this chipset

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Edit

 

The P45 Chipset is a high-end chipset architecture by Intel.  The P45 socket supports Intel's Core 2 Duo and Core 2 Quad processors.  The chipset is compatible with DDR3 1066/SDRAM memory sets, as well as DDR2 RAM.  For comparison purposes, DDR3 RAM operates at a rate of 17 GB/S, whereas DDR2 RAM operates at a rate of 12.8 GB/S.  With a DDR3 setup, up to 8GB of RAM are supported, and with a DDR2 setup up to 16GB are supported.  The P45 chipset allows for two types of GPU architecture:  a single x16 PCI-E slot or dual x8 PCI-E slots.  The ICH10R southbridge supports up to 12 USB 2.0 ports, 6 x1 PCI slots, 6 SATA-3Gb/s connectors, and an Intel Gigabit LAN connection.  The P45 uses Intel's Quiet System Technology, which minimizes fan speed changes to allow operation to run quieter than previous chipsets.

Features
  • Northbridge:  Intel P45
  • Southbridge:  Intel ICH10R
  • Socket:  Intel Core 2 Duo/Core 2 Quad
  • Memory Support:  Up to 8GB DDR3 1066 SDRAM OR Up to 16 GB DDR2 1066 SDRAM
  • Graphics Options:  1 x16 PCI-E or 2 x8 PCI-E slots
  • Audio Options:  Intel HD Audio
  • 12 USB 2.0 Ports, 6 x1 PCI Slots, 6 SATA-3Gb/s Connectors
  • Intel Gigabit LAN Connection
  • Quiet System Technology
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